Brain Region of the Week: Pituitary Gland

Brain Region of the Week: Medulla Oblongata

Who would think that something the size of a pea could have such a huge effect on your health? But the pituitary gland is exactly that size and it’s responsible for some pretty important things. That’s why it’s our Brain Region of the Week.

Located at the base of your brain, your pituitary gland’s primary responsibility is to release hormones. You can pretty much blame puberty on it! Puberty can only begin when your pituitary gland releases 2 hormones “which signal the female and male sex organs (ovaries and testes, respectively) to begin releasing the appropriate sex hormones, including estrogens and testosterone, which launch the other signs of puberty in the body.”

All the hormones your pituitary glands release are vital for normal body function. Human growth hormone (HGH) is responsible for cell growth and regeneration, while thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) plays an important role in stimulating your metabolism. And where would the human race be without the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)? Answer: we wouldn’t exist because FSH is responsible for sperm production in men and helps women develop eggs.

If your pituitary gland isn’t working correctly, you could be at risk for a host of health problems. A tumor on your pituitary gland can lead to headaches, vision loss, weight fluctuation, nausea, and vomiting. And even if your pituitary gland is tumor-free, it might under- or over-secrete the hormones your body needs. This leaves you at risk for disorders like central diabetes insipidus, which is caused by the lack of the hormone vasopressin. Without it, you’re unable to correctly regulate the volume of your blood or the amount of urine you produce.

Hormones play an important part in our daily body processes. Without them, we can kiss our health goodbye. That’s why we’re giving the pituitary gland a shoutout this week. Keep doing what you’re doing!

Enjoyed this? Brush up on last week’s region, the hypothalamus!

 Written by Roselyn Sebastian

Photo Credit: Hey Paul Studios via Compfight cc

Who would think that something the size of a pea could have such a huge effect on your health? But the pituitary gland is exactly that size and it’s responsible for some pretty important things. That’s why it’s our Brain Region of the Week.

Located at the base of your brain, your pituitary gland’s primary responsibility is to release hormones. You can pretty much blame puberty on it! Puberty can only begin when your pituitary gland releases 2 hormones “which signal the female and male sex organs (ovaries and testes, respectively) to begin releasing the appropriate sex hormones, including estrogens and testosterone, which launch the other signs of puberty in the body.”

All the hormones your pituitary glands release are vital for normal body function. Human growth hormone (HGH) is responsible for cell growth and regeneration, while thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) plays an important role in stimulating your metabolism. And where would the human race be without the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)? Answer: we wouldn’t exist because FSH is responsible for sperm production in men and helps women develop eggs.

If your pituitary gland isn’t working correctly, you could be at risk for a host of health problems. A tumor on your pituitary gland can lead to headaches, vision loss, weight fluctuation, nausea, and vomiting. And even if your pituitary gland is tumor-free, it might under- or over-secrete the hormones your body needs. This leaves you at risk for disorders like central diabetes insipidus, which is caused by the lack of the hormone vasopressin. Without it, you’re unable to correctly regulate the volume of your blood or the amount of urine you produce.

Hormones play an important part in our daily body processes. Without them, we can kiss our health goodbye. That’s why we’re giving the pituitary gland a shoutout this week. Keep doing what you’re doing!

Enjoyed this? Brush up on last week’s region, the hypothalamus!

 Written by Roselyn Sebastian

Photo Credit: Hey Paul Studios via Compfight cc

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